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FAQ

See also the main FAQ for questions not specific to Angular testing.

Can I write unit tests with this library?

Definitely yes! You can write unit and integration tests with this library. See below for more on how to mock dependencies (because this library intentionally does NOT support shallow rendering) if you want to unit test a high level component. The tests in this project show several examples of unit testing with this library.

As you write your tests, keep in mind:

The more your tests resemble the way your software is used, the more confidence they can give you. - 17 Feb 2018

If I can't use shallow rendering, how do I mock out components in tests?

In general, you should avoid mocking out components (see the Guiding Principles section). However, if you need to, then try to use ng-mocks.

import {Component, NgModule} from '@angular/core'
import {render, screen} from '@testing-library/angular'
import {ngMocks} from 'ng-mocks'

@Component({
selector: 'app-parent-component',
template: '<app-child-component></app-child-component>',
})
class ParentComponent {}

@Component({
selector: 'app-child-component',
template: '<p>Child component</p>',
})
class ChildComponent {}

@NgModule({
declarations: [ParentComponent, ChildComponent],
})
export class AppModule {}

describe('ParentComponent', () => {
it('should not render ChildComponent when shallow rendering', async () => {
const dependencies = ngMocks.guts(null, AppModule, ParentComponent)

await render(ParentComponent, dependencies)

expect(screen.queryByText('Child component')).toBeNull()
})
})
What level of a component tree should I test? Children, parents, or both?

Following the guiding principle of this library, it is useful to break down how tests are organized around how the user experiences and interacts with application functionality rather than around specific components themselves. In some cases, for example for reusable component libraries, it might be useful to include developers in the list of users to test for and test each of the reusable components individually. Other times, the specific break down of a component tree is just an implementation detail and testing every component within that tree individually can cause issues (see https://kentcdodds.com/blog/avoid-the-test-user).

In practice this means that it is often preferable to test high enough up the component tree to simulate realistic user interactions. The question of whether it is worth additionally testing at a higher or lower level on top of this comes down to a question of tradeoffs and what will provide enough value for the cost (see https://kentcdodds.com/blog/unit-vs-integration-vs-e2e-tests on more info on different levels of testing).

For a more in-depth discussion of this topic see this video.