You want to write maintainable tests for your Web UI. As a part of this goal, you want your tests to avoid including implementation details of your components and rather focus on making your tests give you the confidence for which they are intended. As part of this, you want your testbase to be maintainable in the long run so refactors of your components (changes to implementation but not functionality) don't break your tests and slow you and your team down.
DOM Testing Library is a very light-weight solution for testing DOM nodes
(whether simulated with
JSDOM as provided by
default with Jest or in the browser). The main utilities it provides
involve querying the DOM for nodes in a way that's similar to how the user finds
elements on the page. In this way, the library helps ensure your tests give you
confidence in your UI code. The
DOM Testing Library's primary guiding
The more your tests resemble the way your software is used, the more confidence they can give you.
As part of this goal, the utilities this library provides facilitate querying
the DOM in the same way the user would. Finding form elements by their label
text (just like a user would), finding links and buttons from their text (like a
user would), and more. It also exposes a recommended way to find elements by a
data-testid as an "escape hatch" for elements where the text content and label
do not make sense or is not practical.
This library encourages your applications to be more accessible and allows you to get your tests closer to using your components the way a user will, which allows your tests to give you more confidence that your application will work when a real user uses it.
What this library is not:
- A test runner or framework
- Specific to a testing framework (though we recommend Jest as our preference, the library works with any framework. See Using Without Jest)