user-event

user-event is a companion library for Testing Library that provides more advanced simulation of browser interactions than the built-in fireEvent method.

user-event on GitHub

Install

npm install --save-dev @testing-library/user-event
import { screen } from '@testing-library/dom'
import userEvent from '@testing-library/user-event'
test('types inside textarea', () => {
document.body.innerHTML = `<textarea />`
userEvent.type(screen.getByRole('textbox'), 'Hello, World!')
expect(screen.getByRole('textbox')).toHaveValue('Hello, World!')
})

API

Note: All userEvent methods are synchronous with one exception: when delay with userEvent.type as described below). We also discourage using userEvent inside before/after blocks at all, for important reasons described in "Avoid Nesting When You're Testing".

click(element, eventInit, options)

Clicks element, depending on what element is it can have different side effects.

import React from 'react'
import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react'
import userEvent from '@testing-library/user-event'
test('click', () => {
render(
<div>
<label htmlFor="checkbox">Check</label>
<input id="checkbox" type="checkbox" />
</div>
)
userEvent.click(screen.getByText('Check'))
expect(screen.getByLabelText('Check')).toBeChecked()
})

You can also ctrlClick / shiftClick etc with

userEvent.click(elem, { ctrlKey: true, shiftKey: true })

See the MouseEvent constructor documentation for more options.

Note that click will trigger hover events before clicking. To disable this, set the skipHover option to true.

dblClick(element, eventInit, options)

Clicks element twice, depending on what element is it can have different side effects.

import React from 'react'
import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react'
import userEvent from '@testing-library/user-event'
test('double click', () => {
const onChange = jest.fn()
render(<input type="checkbox" onChange={onChange} />)
const checkbox = screen.getByRole('checkbox')
userEvent.dblClick(checkbox)
expect(onChange).toHaveBeenCalledTimes(2)
expect(checkbox).not.toBeChecked()
})

type(element, text, [options])

Writes text inside an <input> or a <textarea>.

import React from 'react'
import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react'
import userEvent from '@testing-library/user-event'
test('type', () => {
render(<textarea />)
userEvent.type(screen.getByRole('textbox'), 'Hello,{enter}World!')
expect(screen.getByRole('textbox')).toHaveValue('Hello,\nWorld!')
})

options.delay is the number of milliseconds that pass between two characters are typed. By default it's 0. You can use this option if your component has a different behavior for fast or slow users. If you do this, you need to make sure to await!

To be clear, userEvent.type always returns a promise, but you only need to await the promise it returns if you're using the delay option. Otherwise everything runs synchronously and you can ignore the promise.

type will click the element before typing. To disable this, set the skipClick option to true.

Special characters

The following special character strings are supported:

Text stringKeyModifierNotes
{enter}EnterN/AWill insert a newline character (<textarea /> only).
{space}' 'N/A
{esc}EscapeN/A
{backspace}BackspaceN/AWill delete the previous character (or the characters within the selectedRange, see example below).
{del}DeleteN/AWill delete the next character (or the characters within the selectedRange, see example below)
{selectall}N/AN/ASelects all the text of the element. Note that this will only work for elements that support selection ranges (so, not email, password, number, among others)
{arrowleft}ArrowLeftN/A
{arrowright}ArrowRightN/A
{arrowup}ArrowUpN/A
{arrowdown}ArrowDownN/A
{shift}ShiftshiftKeyDoes not capitalize following characters.
{ctrl}ControlctrlKey
{alt}AltaltKey
{meta}OSmetaKey
{capslock}CapsLockmodifierCapsLockFires both keydown and keyup when used (simulates a user clicking their "Caps Lock" button to enable caps lock).

A note about modifiers: Modifier keys ({shift}, {ctrl}, {alt}, {meta}) will activate their corresponding event modifiers for the duration of type command or until they are closed (via {/shift}, {/ctrl}, etc.). If they are not closed explicitly, then events will be fired to close them automatically (to disable this, set the skipAutoClose option to true).

We take the same stance as Cypress in that we do not simulate the behavior that happens with modifier key combinations as different operating systems function differently in this regard.

An example of an usage with a selection range:

import React from 'react'
import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react'
import userEvent from '@testing-library/user-event'
test('delete characters within the selectedRange', () => {
render(
<div>
<label htmlFor="my-input">Example:</label>
<input id="my-input" type="text" value="This is a bad example" />
</div>
)
const input = screen.getByLabelText(/example/i)
input.setSelectionRange(10, 13)
userEvent.type(input, '{backspace}good')
expect(input).toHaveValue('This is a good example')
})

<input type="time" /> support

The following is an example of usage of this library with <input type="time" />

import React from 'react
import {render, screen} from '@testing-library/react'
import userEvent from '@testing-library/user-event'
test('types into the input', () => {
render(
<>
<label for="time">Enter a time</label>
<input
type="time"
id="time"
/>
</>
)
const input = screen.getByLabelText(/enter a time/i)
userEvent.type(input, '13:58')
expect(input.value).toBe('13:58')
})

upload(element, file, [{ clickInit, changeInit }])

Uploads file to an <input>. For uploading multiple files use <input> with multiple attribute and the second upload argument must be array then. Also it's possible to initialize click or change event with using third argument.

import React from 'react'
import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react'
import userEvent from '@testing-library/user-event'
test('upload file', () => {
const file = new File(['hello'], 'hello.png', { type: 'image/png' })
render(
<div>
<label htmlFor="file-uploader">Upload file:</label>
<input id="file-uploader" type="file" />
</div>
)
const input = screen.getByLabelText(/upload file/i)
userEvent.upload(input, file)
expect(input.files[0]).toStrictEqual(file)
expect(input.files.item(0)).toStrictEqual(file)
expect(input.files).toHaveLength(1)
})
test('upload multiple files', () => {
const files = [
new File(['hello'], 'hello.png', { type: 'image/png' }),
new File(['there'], 'there.png', { type: 'image/png' }),
]
render(
<div>
<label htmlFor="file-uploader">Upload file:</label>
<input id="file-uploader" type="file" multiple />
</div>
)
const input = screen.getByLabelText(/upload file/i)
userEvent.upload(input, files)
expect(input.files).toHaveLength(2)
expect(input.files[0]).toStrictEqual(files[0])
expect(input.files[1]).toStrictEqual(files[1])
})

clear(element)

Selects the text inside an <input> or <textarea> and deletes it.

import React from 'react'
import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react'
import userEvent from '@testing-library/user-event'
test('clear', () => {
render(<textarea value="Hello, World!" />)
userEvent.clear(screen.getByRole('textbox', 'email'))
expect(screen.getByRole('textbox', 'email')).toHaveAttribute('value', '')
})

selectOptions(element, values)

Selects the specified option(s) of a <select> or a <select multiple> element.

import React from 'react'
import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react'
import userEvent from '@testing-library/user-event'
test('selectOptions', () => {
render(
<select multiple data-testid="select-multiple">
<option data-testid="val1" value="1">
A
</option>
<option data-testid="val2" value="2">
B
</option>
<option data-testid="val3" value="3">
C
</option>
</select>
)
userEvent.selectOptions(screen.getByTestId('select-multiple'), ['1', '3'])
expect(screen.getByTestId('val1').selected).toBe(true)
expect(screen.getByTestId('val2').selected).toBe(false)
expect(screen.getByTestId('val3').selected).toBe(true)
})

The values parameter can be either an array of values or a singular scalar value.

It also accepts option nodes:

userEvent.selectOptions(screen.getByTestId('select-multiple'), [
screen.getByText('A'),
screen.getByText('B'),
])

deselectOptions(element, values)

Remove the selection for the specified option(s) of a <select multiple> element.

import * as React from 'react'
import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react'
import userEvent from '@testing-library/user-event'
test('deselectOptions', () => {
render(
<select multiple>
<option value="1">A</option>
<option value="2">B</option>
<option value="3">C</option>
</select>
)
userEvent.selectOptions(screen.getByRole('listbox'), '2')
expect(screen.getByText('B').selected).toBe(true)
userEvent.deselectOptions(screen.getByRole('listbox'), '2')
expect(screen.getByText('B').selected).toBe(false)
// can do multiple at once as well:
// userEvent.deselectOptions(screen.getByRole('listbox'), ['1', '2'])
})

The values parameter can be either an array of values or a singular scalar value.

tab({shift, focusTrap})

Fires a tab event changing the document.activeElement in the same way the browser does.

Options:

  • shift (default false) can be true or false to invert tab direction.
  • focusTrap (default document) a container element to restrict the tabbing within.

A note about tab: jsdom does not support tabbing, so this feature is a way to enable tests to verify tabbing from the end user's perspective. However, this limitation in jsdom will mean that components like focus-trap-react will not work with userEvent.tab() or jsdom. For that reason, the focusTrap option is available to let you ensure your user is restricted within a focus-trap.

import React from 'react'
import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react'
import '@testing-library/jest-dom/extend-expect'
import userEvent from '@testing-library/user-event'
it('should cycle elements in document tab order', () => {
render(
<div>
<input data-testid="element" type="checkbox" />
<input data-testid="element" type="radio" />
<input data-testid="element" type="number" />
</div>
)
const [checkbox, radio, number] = screen.getAllByTestId('element')
expect(document.body).toHaveFocus()
userEvent.tab()
expect(checkbox).toHaveFocus()
userEvent.tab()
expect(radio).toHaveFocus()
userEvent.tab()
expect(number).toHaveFocus()
userEvent.tab()
// cycle goes back to the body element
expect(document.body).toHaveFocus()
userEvent.tab()
expect(checkbox).toHaveFocus()
})

hover(element)

Hovers over element.

import React from 'react'
import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react'
import userEvent from '@testing-library/user-event'
import Tooltip from '../tooltip'
test('hover', () => {
const messageText = 'Hello'
render(
<Tooltip messageText={messageText}>
<TrashIcon aria-label="Delete" />
</Tooltip>
)
userEvent.hover(screen.getByLabelText(/delete/i))
expect(screen.getByText(messageText)).toBeInTheDocument()
userEvent.unhover(screen.getByLabelText(/delete/i))
expect(screen.queryByText(messageText)).not.toBeInTheDocument()
})

unhover(element)

Unhovers out of element.

See above for an example

paste(element, text, eventInit, options)

Allows you to simulate the user pasting some text into an input.

test('should paste text in input', () => {
render(<MyInput />)
const text = 'Hello, world!'
const element = getByRole('textbox', { name: /paste your greeting/i })
userEvent.paste(element, text)
expect(element).toHaveValue(text)
})

You can use the eventInit if what you're pasting should have clipboardData (like files).

specialChars

A handful set of special characters used in type method.

KeyCharacter
arrowLeft{arrowleft}
arrowRight{arrowright}
arrowDown{arrowdown}
arrowUp{arrowup}
enter{enter}
escape{esc}
delete{del}
backspace{backspace}
selectAll{selectall}
space{space}
whitespace' '

Usage example:

import React from 'react'
import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react'
import userEvent, { specialChars } from '@testing-library/user-event'
test('delete characters within the selectedRange', () => {
render(
<div>
<label htmlFor="my-input">Example:</label>
<input id="my-input" type="text" value="This is a bad example" />
</div>
)
const input = screen.getByLabelText(/example/i)
input.setSelectionRange(10, 13)
userEvent.type(input, `${specialChars.backspace}good`)
expect(input).toHaveValue('This is a good example')
})

Known limitations

  • No <input type="color" /> support. #423
Last updated on by rickysullivan-gallagher