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user-event is a companion library for Testing Library that simulates user interactions by dispatching the events that would happen if the interaction took place in a browser.

Latest version

These docs describe user-event@14. We recommend updating your projects to this version, as it includes important bug fixes and new features. You can find the docs for user-event@13.5.0 here, and the changelog for the release here.

While most examples with user-event are for React, the library can be used with any framework as long as there is a DOM.

Differences from fireEvent

fireEvent dispatches DOM events, whereas user-event simulates full interactions, which may fire multiple events and do additional checks along the way.

Testing Library's built-in fireEvent is a lightweight wrapper around the browser's low-level dispatchEvent API, which allows developers to trigger any event on any element. The problem is that the browser usually does more than just trigger one event for one interaction. For example, when a user types into a text box, the element has to be focused, and then keyboard and input events are fired and the selection and value on the element are manipulated as they type.

user-event allows you to describe a user interaction instead of a concrete event. It adds visibility and interactability checks along the way and manipulates the DOM just like a user interaction in the browser would. It factors in that the browser e.g. wouldn't let a user click a hidden element or type in a disabled text box.
This is why you should use user-event to test interaction with your components.

There are, however, some user interactions or aspects of these that aren't yet implemented and thus can't yet be described with user-event. In these cases you can use fireEvent to dispatch the concrete events that your software relies on.

Note that this makes your component and/or test reliant upon your assumptions about the concrete aspects of the interaction being correct. Therefore if you already put in the work to specify the correct aspects of such interaction, please consider contributing to this project so that user-event might cover these cases too.

Writing tests with userEvent

We recommend invoking userEvent.setup() before the component is rendered. This can be done in the test itself, or by using a setup function. We discourage rendering or using any userEvent functions outside of the test itself - e.g. in a before/after hook - for reasons described in "Avoid Nesting When You're Testing".

// inlining
test('trigger some awesome feature when clicking the button', async () => {
const user = userEvent.setup()
render(<MyComponent />)

await'button', {name: /click me!/i}))

// ...assertions...
// setup function
function setup(jsx) {
return {
user: userEvent.setup(),

test('render with a setup function', async () => {
const {user} = setup(<MyComponent />)
// ...

Note that, while directly invoking APIs such as (which will trigger setup internally) is still supported in v14, this option exists to ease the migration from v13 to v14, and for simple tests. We recommend using the methods on the instances returned by userEvent.setup().