FAQ

See also the main FAQ for questions not specific to Vue testing.

Is Vue Testing Library a replacement for the official @vue/test-utils?

Short answer: yes, it is. If you use Vue Testing Library (VTL) there's no need to install @vue/test-utils.

Longer answer: VTL is built on top of @vue/test-utils. The official library is used to render Vue components (by calling mount) and exposes some of its methods (while hiding others). You can check the full list of available methods in the API section.

Do I need to install DOM Testing Library?

Nope! VTL imports everything it needs from DOM Testing Library, and then re-exports it.

What queries does Vue Testing Library provide?

All queries from DOM Testing Library. See Queries for full list.

If I can't use shallow rendering, how do I mock out components in tests?

In general, you should avoid mocking out components (see the Guiding Principles section).

However if you need to, you can either use Jest's mocking feature or the stubs key provided by @vue/test-utils.

import {render} from '@vue/test-utils'
import Component from './Component'
test('Can stub components', () => {
render(Component, {
stubs: ['FontAwesomeIcon'],
})
})

You can check out a working example in the GitHub repository of VTL.

How can I test if an element has appeared / has disappeared?

Check the Appearance and Disappearance section of the Guide for available methods to test appearance and disappearance.

If you want to check if an element was never rendered, you might want to write something like the following:

expect(queryByText('submit')).toBeNull()
// or, if using jest-dom:
import '@testing-library/jest-dom'
expect(queryByText('submit')).not.toBeInTheDocument()
Why does my Vue Router state seem to be shared between tests?

By default, Vue Router uses hash routing mode, which stores route updates in window.location. Test runners, such as Jest, do not reset the JSDOM environment in between test invocations, so route transitions from previous tests can leak into subsequent tests, even though a new Vue Router is created with each call to render.

To work around this issue, pass an instantiated router using abstract mode. abstract mode does not store route information on the JSDOM window, so routing information will not leak between tests. For example:

import {render} from '@testing-library/vue'
import Component from './Component.vue'
import VueRouter from 'vue-router'
test('uses abstract mode for the router', async () => {
const router = new VueRouter({
mode: 'abstract',
routes: [
// Your routes here
],
})
const renderResult = render(Component, {
routes: router,
})
// Unlike the router in `hash` mode, the initial routing stack is empty. So,
// you need to push an initial route to the stack.
await router.push('/')
})

To reduce boilerplate, you can create a custom render function to use throughout your test suite. For example:

// test-utils.js
import {render} from '@testing-library/vue'
import VueRouter from 'vue-router'
export async function renderApp(component, options) {
const router = new VueRouter({
mode: 'abstract',
routes: [
// Your routes here
],
})
const renderResult = render(component, {
routes: router,
...options,
})
// Unlike the router in `hash` mode, the initial routing stack is empty. So,
// you need to push an initial route to the stack.
await router.push('/')
return renderResult
}
Last updated on by Alex Jegtnes